Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Yom Kippur in Nisan

In this week's Parsha we are taught that Aharon was prohibited from entering the Holy of Holies at any time of his desire. Rather, he was only to enter on Yom Kippur and with the prescribed service that is mentioned. The question one might ask is why would Aharon think to enter at a different time, for what purpose would he be going in?

Rav Yehonasan Eibshitz offers the following understanding of this segment of the Torah. Yom Kippur is the tenth of the month of Tishrei which is the month in which the world was created. However, the Gemara mentions that Rebbi Yehoshua's position is that the world was actually created in Nisan and not Tishrei. If so, one could have thought that it is necessary to enter the Holy of Holies and perform that Yom Kippur service on the tenth of Nisan, as well. Therefore, the Torah specifies that it is only in Tishrei that the service is to be performed. Part of the reason for this is that on the first day that the Mishkan was erected (which was in Nisan), Nadav and Avihu died. Their death, recorded at the beginning of this week's Parsha, is considered to bring atonement as the death of the righteous brings atonement. Thus, their death is in lieu of a the Yom Kippur service that would have been performed later that month. (Tiferes Yehonasan)

Interestingly, on the tenth of the month of Nisan, which would be the Yom Kippur, Bnai Yisrael did experience a miraculous event. That was the day that they took their first Korbon Pesach in Mitzrayim many years ago. It is for that event that many have suggested that this week is called Shabbos HaGadol.

3 comments:

Rafi said...

It's also interesting to note that Rav Yehonasan Eibshitz strongly implies (if not says outright) that only Aharon wasn't allowed to enter all the time, but Moshe Rabeinu was allowed to enter. I forget precisely where I saw him say this, and I'm not sure how relevant it is, just thought I'd point it out.

in the vanguard said...

Actually, the world was created 5 days before the 1st of Tishrei (or the 1st of Nissan). Adam was created on the 1st of Tishrei.

Ari S. said...

In the vanguard, while well intentioned, I think your comment may be a bit misguided. Firstly, the terminology used in the Gemara is to refer to the Creation as having happened in either Nisan or Tishrei, so even if the first days of Creation were prior the terminology used is the accepted one in talmudic scholarship. (Rosh Hashana 10b-11a) This reason is sufficient for me and therefore I will continue to use the recognized phrases as they have been used throughout our history. Secondly, the phraseology in the Rosh Hashana prayers also uses such terminology such as "Hayom Haras Olam" and "Zeh Hayom Techilas Maasecha." Thirdly, while your assertion does reflect the opinion of Tosefos (Rosh Hashana 8a), it seems that Rashi maintains that according to the opinion that the world was created in Nisan the first day of Creation was 1 Nisan and Adam was created on 6 Nisan (see when he claims the celestial objects came into being, 4 Nisan). Fourthly, there are opinions that maintain that both the opinion that believes Creation was in Nisan and the that claims it was in Tishrei would maintain that Adam was created on the sixth of the month. (See Sheailas Yaavetz vol. 2 responsa 84)